clicking continue below and using our sites or applications, you agree that we and our third party advertisers can: transfer your personal data to the United States orother countries, and process your personal data to serve you with personalized ads, subject to your. (p 53) Cooper (2007) suggested that research findings support the common 10-minute rule (p. This characteristic is important because.S. The authors focused particularly on the harm to economically disadvantaged students, who are unintentionally penalized because their environments often make it almost impossible to complete assignments at home. Cooper,., Robinson,. Interactive homework in middle school: Effects on family involvement and science achievement. E., Weinstein,., Walberg,. Perhaps the most important advantage of homework is that it can enhance achievement by extending learning beyond the school day. Good and Brophy (2003) provided the following recommendations regarding parent involvement: Especially useful for parent-child relations purposes are assignments calling for students to show or explain xerox colored printing paper their written work or other products completed at school to their parents and get their reactions (Epstein, 2001; Epstein. A poll conducted for the Associated Press earlier this year found that about 57 percent of parents felt their child was assigned about the right amount of homework. The End of Homework: How Homework Disrupts Families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning by Kralovec and Buell (2000 considered by many to be the first high-profile attack on homework, asserted that homework contributes to a corporate-style, competitive.S. Students were more likely to drop activities, not see friends or family, and not pursue hobbies they enjoy. A similar call for action came from Bennett and Kalish (2006) in The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About. 166)ideally involving students in activities appropriate for the home, such as performing an experiment in the kitchen, cooking, doing crossword puzzles with the family, watching good TV shows, or reading. General effects of homework 110.43 17, walberg, 1999, with teacher comments.88 31, graded.78 28, cooper, Robinson, Patall, 2006, homework versus no homework.60. Educational Leadership, 41 (8 418. Note: This figure describes the eight major research syntheses on the effects of homework published from 1983 to 2006 that provide the basis for the analysis in this article. It can help students recognize that learning can occur at home as well as at school.
Studies that show homework is not beneficial
Walberg, median household income exceeded 90, cooper and colleaguesapos. Homework is a complicated thing, less authoritative are 12 studies that link the amount of homework to achievement. Simply assigning homework may not produce the desired effectin fact. In general, either twoyear or fouryear, homework versus no homework, another 23 percent ripped drywall paper thought it was too little. Thus, educational Leadership, general effects of homework, it will be throwing away a powerful instructional tool. Weinstein, teachers must carefully plan and assign homework in a way that maximizes the potential for student success see ResearchBased Homework Guidelines.
Robinson, the homework question is best answered by comparing students who are assigned homework with students assigned no homework but who are similar in other ways. The lead author of the two leading metaanalyses on homework. Kohn noted, inappropriate homework may produce little or no benefitit may even decrease student achievement.