28 When these questions are answered, the answers themselves are usually poorly written because test takers may not have time to organize and proofread their answers.Test takers may also use various learning aids to study for tests such as flashcards and mnemonics.

The purpose is to ensure greater fidelity to what is being tested."The Chinese examinations were described repeatedly in Western literature on China of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries." 12 Standardized testing began to influence the method of examination in British universities from the 1850s, where oral examination had been the norm since the Middle Ages.

14 After the War, industry began using tests to evaluate applicants for various jobs based on performance.Rather than testing what facts you know, open-note exams force you to apply the facts to a broader question.Copyright 2012 Liverpool University Press (UK) : 218.